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Project Proposal for Ecological Restoration

Objectives of the project:

The restoration of the Coromandal coastal belt through an increase in the number and diversity of species in 6 villages by the local population in Villupurum District, Tamil Nadu.

Planned activities :
Assess the list of communities that are seriously committed to reforestation.

Establish communication between the project team and the relevant government bodies to carry out ER work.

Carry out GIS including basic PRAs (Participatory Rural Appraisal) in the 6 villages.

Draw up formal agreements between the community members the government and the project team regarding responsibilities for implementing the PRAs.

Finalize the list of coastal species required and coordinate between the various nurseries to ensure their supply.

Continue seed collection and nursery establishment of the relevant species.

Distribute seedlings to the appropriate recipients and supervise planting and maintenance.

A monthly meeting for women and men in the village to sustain environmental awareness and one activity.

Weekly, 2 hour, after-school sessions for children of school going age and youth and one weekly environmental activity relating to nursery or plantation.

Outputs:

•  100 000 seedlings will be planted in 6 villages along the Villupuram District Coast

•  Increased environmental awareness through programmes to assist long-term success of the project

 

Human Resources :

Central Team, Shakti Nursery and Herbarium:

•  Balachandran Botanist
•  Saravonan Nursery manager and village / Paalam liaison
•  Krishnamurthy Village / Paalam liaison
•  Walter Co-coordinator and Finance
•  Malini Co-coordinator and administration
•  Santo Central Office
•  Rik GIS/ nursery support

Collaborators:

•  David Nursery support
•  Jaap Nursery support
•  Mike (Samriddi) Nursery support
•  AV Botanical Garden
•  D Vadivel - Designer

 

Project Report for Ecological Restoration

The ER project has now been running for 6 months. Until August activities have been funded from Central Office. This month an agreement was signed with CONCERN International to fund the longer term 2 year proposal.

The Foundation for Ecological Research and Advocacy was contracted to survey and map our 6 target villages. They produced a package of geo-referenced maps showing basic infrastructure, tsunami influx line, water sources, a cadastral map and a survey of households willingness to plant on their properties.

Approximately 35 000 species from various AV nurseries have been raised. Planting will start at the end of September in the Northern most village of Anumandhai and possibly one other village. 20 000 seedlings will be planted this year and the remaining 80 000 will be planted the following September in 2006. See attached appendix for species and location.

It should be mentioned that planting as we are planning to do, directly in beach sand without any added soil mixture, has never been done before and that this is very much as pilot project. In the northern most village 50 trees were planted as a trial plantation in the worst possible conditions, in the middle of summer, close to the water line, with no aftercare, water or rain etc. Surprisingly 40% of the seedlings are still growing after 2 months.

We were able to do this trial plantation because we noticed on a field trip to the beach that 20 cm below the surface of the beach sand exists enough moisture to sustain a seedling during summer.

Seed collecting continues every week.

Educational materials are being prepared and translated into Tamil for the upcoming programmes with SHGs, women's groups, youth groups and school children. These materials will focus on the importance of trees, indigenous species, the need for coastal bio-shields and general environmental issues.

We have been contacted by other organizations for consultancy advice regarding ER, a positive sign that we are able to provide information for others to complete similar work along the coast and become not just an implementation team, but a resource centre.

 

TSUNAMI NURSERY 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nursery

 

# Needed

Shakti

Bot. Gard

Success

David

Total

Acacia ampliceps

500

 

 

 

 

 

Acacia holosericea

bulk

 

 

 

 

 

Acacia farnesiana

2000

 

 

 

 

 

Adenanthera pavonina

5000

300

 

 

500

800

Aegle marmelos

500

250

 

 

 

250

Alangium salviifolium

 

 

 

150

 

 

Albizia guachepele

150

120

 

 

 

120

Albizia lebbeck

1500

70

 

 

 

70

Albizia odoratissima

300

 

 

 

 

 

Annona muricata

100

13

 

 

 

13

Artocarpus heterophyllus

500

200

 

 

 

200

Atalantia monophylla

250

 

 

250

 

250

Azadirachta indica

3000

30

1000

 

500

1530

Bauhinia racemosa

1000

 

500

100

 

600

Benkara malabarica

200

 

100

 

 

100

Buchananania axillaris

1000

 

 

 

 

 

Butea monosperma

500

220

 

 

 

220

Calamus rotang

200

 

 

 

 

 

Calophyllum inophyllum

5000

6280

500

 

 

6780

Carissa spinarum

500

 

250

 

 

250

Casearia tomentosa

500

 

 

 

 

 

Cassia fistula

2000

 

500

 

 

500

Cassine glauca

700

 

 

 

500

500

Cerbera odollam

1000

 

 

 

 

 

Chloroxylon swietenia

 

 

 

200

 

 

Cleistanthus collinus

500

 

 

 

 

 

Clerodendrum inerme

5000

 

 

5

 

5

Coccoloba uvifera

5000

1600

 

 

 

1600

Cordia dichotoma

2000

1680

 

 

 

1680

Cordia subcordata

5000

180

 

 

 

180

Dichrostachys cinerea

200

 

 

 

 

 

Diospyros ebenum

1000

70

 

250

500

820

Diospyros melanoxylon

1000

 

250

 

 

250

Diospyros montana

1000

 

300

 

 

300

Dodonaea viscosa

1000

 

1000

 

 

1000

Dolichandrone falcata

2000

260

 

100

 

360

Dolichandrone spathacea

500

240

 

 

 

240

Drypetes sepiaria

100

 

 

 

100

100

Erythrina variegata

500

550

 

 

500

1050

Eugenia bracteata

1000

 

 

100

 

100

Ficus racemosa

500

 

 

 

 

 

Flacourtia indica

500

 

250

 

 

250

Garcinia spicata

1500

520

 

100

 

620

Glycosmis mauritiana

 

 

 

350

 

 

Gmelina asiatica

500

 

400

50

 

450

Guettarda speciosa

5000

 

 

 

 

 

Hardwickia binata

1000

 

500

 

 

500

Hibiscus tiliaceus

5000

70

 

 

 

70

Ixora pavetta

1000

 

250

 

 

250

Lawsonia inermis

200

160

 

 

 

160

Lepisanthes tetraphylla

2500

 

 

 

 

 

Mangifera indica

1000

 

 

 

 

 

Manilkara hexandra

3000

 

 

 

 

 

Manilkara zapota

500

 

 

 

 

 

Maytenus emarginata

1000

 

100

 

 

100

Mimusops elengi

3000

1180

500

 

 

1680

Mitragyna parviflora

1000

 

 

 

 

 

Morinda citrifolia

5000

 

 

 

 

 

Murraya paniculata

 

 

 

200

 

 

Ochna obtusata

500

 

400

 

 

400

Olax scandens

200

 

 

 

 

 

Pamburus missionis

 

 

 

100

 

100

Pandanus fascicularis

2000

 

 

 

1000

1000

Parkinsonia aculeata

1000

 

1000

 

 

1000

Peltophorum pterocarpum

1500

 

 

 

 

 

Pisonia grandis

5000

150

 

 

 

150

Pithecellobium dulce

2000

70

 

 

200

270

Pongamia pinnata

5000

1300

 

 

500

1800

Premna serratifolia

500

80

 

 

 

80

Psidium guaiava

500

 

 

 

 

 

Pterocarpus santalinus

1500

 

500

 

 

500

Pterospermum suberifolium

1500

 

 

150

 

150

Pterospermum xylocarpum

300

 

300

 

 

300

Punica granatum

500

 

 

 

 

 

Samanea saman

500

370

 

 

 

370

Senna auriculata

1000

 

500

 

 

500

Senna siamea

500

 

500

 

 

500

Senna spectabilis

500

 

 

 

 

 

Spondias pinnata

300

 

 

 

 

 

Tamarindus indica

2000

680

 

 

 

680

Tarenna asiatica

2000

 

1000

 

 

1000

Terminalia bellirica

500

 

100

150

 

250

Terminalia catappa

5000

2000

 

 

200

2200

Terminalia chebula

100

 

 

 

 

 

Thespesia populnea

5000

1330

1000

 

 

2330

Tricalysia sphaerocarpa

 

 

 

100

 

 

Vitex altissima

500

 

500

 

 

500

Walsura trifoliolata

2000

 

200

100

 

300

Wrightia tinctoria

500

 

500

 

 

500

Ziziphus xylopyra

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

127100

19973

12900

2455

4500

39828